Immunoglobulin E plays an important role in allergies because this subclass of antibodies can circulate (cell-bound) for years and contributes to the typical allergy symptoms with each antigen contact, mainly through the release of histamine.
Overall defence system of biological organisms to foreign substances or other organisms. The human immune system is composed of specialised proteins (antibodies), immune cells and immune organs (such as thymus, spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes). It is the carrier of the body's immune response.
Immunity, non-specific and specific
Non-specific immunity is the innate, non-pathogen-specific immune response of the body to foreign pathogens. Specific immunity is only acquired through contact with specific pathogens (e.g. children's diseases).
Proteins (albumins) from the class of globulins which are formed in vertebrates in response to certain substances, called antigens. Antibodies are designed to serve the immune system. Antibodies are produced by a class of white blood cells, called B lymphocytes.
Immunomodulation means the impact of pharmacologically active substances on the immune system. This has the function of dampening the immune system (immune suppression), such as after a transplant, and avoiding reactions caused by rejection or for immune stimulation, i.e. an increase of the natural immune response for the treatment of infections.
Medical measure with a particular disease pattern. The latter in turn comprises – unlike a diagnosis – the overall health condition of a patient.
Diagnosis and treatment / medication specially tailored to the individual patient, his / her disease and medical history. This is the best way possible to avoid default / general preparations.
Entry of microorganisms (viruses, fungi, bacteria) into the organism and their local propagation. An infection can occur, for example, via the skin, respiratory system, intestine, open wounds.
Peptide hormones belonging to cytokines, i.e. they are the body's own messenger substances of the immune system cells. While IL-2 is secreted by T lymphocytes and have a positive effect on the growth of these cells, IL-10 inhibits the activity of macrophages and stems the defensive reaction. Interleukins specifically stimulate growth, maturation and division of certain cells of the immune system or prevent exactly these processes of activation.